Jumping to Conclusions
Another kind of distorted thinking pattern occurs when you draw a conclusion about what someone else thinks, feels, or will do in the future with little to no information. There are two additional kinds of sub-patterns that fall under jumping to conclusions: mind reading and fortune telling. Here are examples of both:
- Mind reading: you see your supervisor frowning and think, “She must be angry at me because I was two minutes late to work.” Obviously, in this scenario, the supervisor may be frowning for reasons that have nothing whatsoever to do with you.
- Fortune telling: As a teacher, you are certain that a student will fail a test because she never comes to class. Although this might be a likely scenario, being certain of the student’s failure assumes too much. She may be much better at studying at home and is entirely prepared for the test.
Another type of distorted thinking pattern that is similar to jumping to conclusions is overgeneralizing. When you overgeneralize, you base an entire class of circumstances on one singular example. For instance, if you went to a restaurant one time and had bad service, deciding that restaurant doesn’t care about its customers would be an example of overgeneralization.